By Sherry Smith, RN, MSN, MBA
In the United States, the focus on healthcare reform, Accountable Care Organizations (ACO), and the medical home models are gaining a lot of attention. While these debates and programs develop, executive hospital leadership is focusing on the patient experience, results of satisfaction surveys, and how to maintain their market strength in what has become a very competitive atmosphere.
While much attention is paid to the patient and family member’s perception of the acute care process, an area not examined is the pre-and post-telephonic experience of this population, as well as the internal team members’ experience of scheduling tests and appointments among departments.
In addition to being unaware of basic telephone statistics related to average speed to answer (ASA), abandonment rates, and hold times, healthcare organizations rarely provide essential education on telephonic skills. This leads to inconsistency in how phone encounters are handled and, more importantly, the customer service experience and satisfaction.
Therefore, there are opportunities acute care facilities and clinics should consider in evaluating the patients’ customer service experience when contacting their organizations. Additionally, there are practical steps for hospitals considering the consolidation all of their call contacts into a centralized call center with a one-call resolution strategy.
Why Customer Service Is So Important: As with all sectors and industries, customer service in healthcare is essential, but numerous components of healthcare service are unique. The ‘customers’ of healthcare organizations are in some way vulnerable, so a high level of customer care is more important than in other industries.
Virtually all hospitals have customer satisfaction metrics imbedded into performance dashboards and quality reporting. Many organizations dedicate specific personnel to provide navigation or concierge services for patients and families. Attention is geared toward consistent staff messaging, making rounds, and leadership visits to assure customer service programs are being regularly applied.
Patients reserve their word of mouth and loyalty for hospitals where they feel their needs were anticipated and met by a courteous and caring staff. Hospitals are paying greater attention to customer feedback and perceptions of care given the competitive nature of healthcare in many markets, but also in small community organizations, where many community leaders are active members of the board of trustees. Even health plans designate awards for superior outcomes and customer service scores.
The unfortunate fact remains that these sources for feedback routinely do not include any questions or scoring related to what the patient’s perception of quality was during telephonic encounters for registering, scheduling, or contacting the hospital or clinic. Telephone service levels are not typically reported as part of quality metrics by internal departments, either.
In 2008, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Committee on Future Directions for Healthcare Quality and Disparities added a priority focus area related to health systems infrastructure capabilities to include improved communication across settings for coordination of care. Inherent in their mandate is the ability to transfer information in a timely and consistent manner through various media. It alsoaddressesefficient and effective communication among providers. This includes the customer service levels experienced when trying to reach offices for follow-up appointments, the ability to get through, and the ability to have questions and needs met without being putting on hold for extended periods or being disconnected.
Consider your last contact with a healthcare organization. At the end of the encounter, were you asked if there was anything else they could do for you and if all your needs were met? Not likely.
Where to Focus Resources and Reporting: A first step in the assessment of the patient and family member’s telephonic experience could be as simple as adding questions to existing organizational satisfaction surveys:
- Was their call answered promptly?
- Could the patient hear the agent or clinician smiling?
- If placed on hold, were they asked first? Were they told the reason why and given a chance to respond?
- Did they feel the information provided was clear and concise?
- Were they able to get all needs met in one call?
- Was their call handled professionally?
Another way to assess the customer service level is through development of a secret or mystery shopper audit tool. The tool is used to score qualitative and quantitative aspects while listening to live or recoded calls. A basic understanding of the phone system and capabilities can be discussed with the telecom support team. They should be able to produce reports for answer times, hold times, abandon times, and “blockage” (what percentage of time does a caller get a busy signal when they dial).
Opportunities in the short term to optimize a caller’s experience can also include:
- Utilizing soothing queue music or up-selling the organization’s services while waiting for calls to be answered or when placed on hold
- Providing options for callers to leave a message rather than hold
- Assuring all individuals who answer calls use consistent messaging, especially in providing their name and title
- Providing training on telephonic customer care skills and phone etiquette
- If calls are recorded, provide periodic review of calls with your team and individuals for skill enhancement
- Is the environment where calls are processed private and quiet to minimize background noise and disruptions?
- If you outsource calls, what type of reports do they provide for service levels of your patients and callers? What type of auditing or training do their agents have?
Assessing the current state of how calls are actually handled is the first step in evaluating the strengths and opportunities for improvement.
Case Study from a Clinic Call Center Start-Up: This final section will briefly outline the initial steps and findings from a large hospital who wanted to implement “a central” call center functionality. Interestingly, the initiative was the result of leadership receiving multiple complaints about not being able to get through on the phone to schedule new patient visits in the clinics. Specific issues included length of time for calls to be answered, multiple transfers without resolution, and the lack of customer service experienced during calls.
In their haste to fix the problem, they rushed to centralize all calls for a few busy internal medicine practices in a pilot program. Calls were routed to a makeshift call center in another area of the institution. Unlicensed staff was assigned to answer calls in the call center in between clinic appointments. They used a centralized scheduling technology for making appointments, sending secure messages to MDs for consultation and office personnel.
Over a three-month period, they were able to achieve an overall decrease in ASA for the offices by thirty percent, but it was sporadic and not sustainable. MDs reported patient complaints stating they were receiving duplicate calls for appointment reminders, which confused and irritated their largely geriatric population. Upon investigation, individuals were told to make outbound reminder calls for upcoming appointments when they weren’t on calls.
Fortunately, before expanding the pilot program, the organization involved the expertise of external consultants to evaluate the existing program and make recommendations on technology platforms to achieve greater scale. A mystery shopper audit tool was added to score the call handling practices of staff members at various times on different days. Additionally, a high level review of the current operations and quality program resulted in identification of the following issues:
- There was no evaluation of call volumes by hour and by day of week to drive the scheduling practices of the call center agents.
- No training on telephone etiquette or customer service techniques was provided. (After all, they had already been answering phones in between setting up rooms and seeing patients.)
- They did have a “board” for reporting ASA, however, it wasn’t monitored in real time.
- Many of the unlicensed staff did not want to be answering phones. They had been hired to assist patient throughput in the clinics. The telephonic call center task was not fulfilling to them.
- No one was using headphones, which raised ergonomic issues.
- Staff was using inconsistent greetings, closings, and slang phrases. A lack of professionalism on the phones was noted for some agents.
- Staff frequently placed callers on hold while navigating the system or asking for assistance from peers. They did not ask callers’ permission to be put on hold, explain why, or later thank them for holding.
- There were risk-management concerns with unlicensed staff providing triage and obvious breeches of personal health information (PHI).
- There was no quality oversight or monitoring of calls. They did not track individual phone statistics.
- Staff who knew scheduling preferences of individual practices found ways to circumvent the system.
Once the organization received the feedback, they were able to move forward with some of the recommendations before scaling. This included phone customer service training, assignment of key individual to monitor real time performance metrics, a call auditing process, and RFP process for technology capable of scaling. Key evaluations of these changes were integrated into the organization’s satisfaction survey for the patients’ experience with the clinic call center services.
Advancements in technology have enhanced the contact capabilities of patients and families who are seeking and expecting on-line interface capabilities. Organizations must not underestimate reporting on these functionalities in assuring superior response time and consistent handling of messages and information. There are opportunities acute care facilities and clinics can consider in evaluating the patient’s customer service experience when contacting their organization.
Sherry Smith RN, MSN, MBA is the chief consulting officer of 3CT- Call Center Consulting Team, a team of health call center experts available to assist with strategic, operational, or technical projects. Contact her at 603- 707-0151 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
[From the August/September 2012 issue of AnswerStat magazine]